from The Psychology of Liberty
by Wes Bertrand © 2000, copylefted 2007

Index

abortion, 188

absolutes, primary, for living creatures, 302

active mind, 334; and science, 324

Adam and Eve, 354

Adams, Samuel, 171

adaptive actions, 69

adolescents, 187, 268, 287

Age of Logic, 374

Age of pre-logic, 320

agency, as voluntary and chosen, 175

agent, 204

aging, 297

Albright, Madeleine, 228

ALCOA aluminum, 207

alphabet, creation of, 112

altruism, 131, 344, 346

American Sign Language, 33, 37; training chimpanzees in, 37

Anarcho-capitalism, 211

Anaxamander, 80

anti-concept, 343, 347, 354, 357, 358, 360; definition of, 94

anti-discrimination laws, 190

Aquinas: Thomas, 81

arbitrary postulates, 307

arbitration, 207, 217

Aristotle, 76, 78, 81, 82, 151

Army Corps of Engineers, 236

artificial selection, 22

attorneys, 217

Australopithecus, 30; anatomical characteristics of, 30

autonomy, 57, 122

Bakunin, Michael, 55, 117, 165

banking industry, 275

Beck, Aaron, 101

Behaviorism, 98

belief: as opposed to fact, 304; in living after death, 302

Bentham, Jeremy, 339

Bill of Rights, 146, 171, 175, 210, 211

black market, 189, 248

body, and its attractiveness, 303

brain, 25, 26, 40, 47, 49, 160, 177, 223, 304; and example of physiological processes, 61; and free will, 43; and personality pill, 63; and speech, 36; and thought, 154; maturation process, 149; size, of Australopithecus, 30; size, of Homo erectus, 30; study of, 96

brain size, as potential indicator of rationality, 34

Branden, Nathaniel, 26, 75, 102, 106, 108, 290, 316

Browne, Harry, 181

Buddhism, 84, 90, 92

burden of proof, 218

Bureau of Reclamation, 236

Burns, David, 101

Cambrian explosion, the, 22

capitalism, 129, 184, 194, 210, 238, 243, 267; as attainable, 284; as equated with Self-Governing Capitalism, 220; definition of, 180; in the authentic sense, 181, 187; Laissez-faire, 194

capitalistic society: and characteristics of enterprise, 243; and defense of, 227; and insurance of sound money, 279; and intellectual independence, 286; and matters of money, 317; and ownership, 230; and philosophical understanding, 334; typical psychology in, 283

career, 335

caste systems, 126

Cato Institute, 182

cell: eukaryotic, 25; prokaryotic, 25; properties of, 19

centralized planning, 129

checks and balances, political system of, 172, 211

childhood, 107, 165, 192, 292, 330; and an unhealthy family situation, 120; and conditioned responses, 290; and development of efficacy, 149; and disconnection from reality, 342; and early discouragement, 225; and fragmented emotional world, 106; and hierarchical base of concepts, 71; and influence of cultural ideas, 333; and initial demand for rationality, 337; and isolation from language, 40; and odds of living, in primitive times, 52; and search for philosophical answers, 85; nature of, 251

children, 241, 254, 295, 349; and absorption of most available values and beliefs, 85; and adaptation to their environment, 257; and altruism, 341; and an unhealthy family situation, 119; and awareness as priority, 149; and being taken advantage of, 248; and cycle of parental treatment, 106; and development of a criminal mentality, 225; and distancing from reality, 351; and educational assumptions, 250; and effects of psychological and physical deprivation, 52; and external validations of self-worth, 253; and flawed understanding of capitalism, 184; and humiliation, 359; and lack of defenses, 107; and learning of social rules, 56; and learning the necessities of psychological health, 287; and parental sacrifice, 348; and political ideas, 166; and responsibility of adults as examples for living, 243; and teaching acceptance of contradictions as normal, 169; and the fostering of dependence, by example, 241; and theory of mind experiments, 38; and what evolution has granted them, 254; as seeing parents as omniscient, omnipotent, and infallible, 353; deaths of, in Iraq, 228; education of, when left to the free market, 267; in contrast to chimpanzees, 38; irrational behavior of, 255; making life comprehensible for, 314

Childs Jr., R.A., 186

chimpanzee, 34; as closest genetic relative, 29

choice, in relation to government, 178

Christ, Jesus, 93

Christianity, 84, 92, 93

civilization, formation of, 112

Classical Liberalism, 181

classification system of organisms, 24

clear and present danger, 247

coercion, 122, 127, 131, 183, 187, 210, 229, 368

commune, 133

communication, evolution of, 112

Communism, 127, 128, 131

competition, in a free market, 205

complexity, in nature, 47

concept, definition of, 32

concepts, 71, 149; as presupposed in knowledge, 305; axiomatic, 76, 151; example of lack of examination of, 239; invalid, as viruses, 307; invalid, definition of, 307; stolen, 77

conceptual capability, as humans' distinguishing trait, 33

conceptualization, 70, 161; evolution towards, 35

congenitally deaf, 39

Congress, 172

consciousness, 26, 32, 49, 96, 97, 110, 151, 284, 321; and compatibility with physical matter, 48; as astonishing, 319; as axiomatic concept, 76; as dependent on brain matter, 304; as distinguished from objective reality, 46; as fallible, 357; as highly evolved, 295; as identification, 73; being "empty" from meditation, 302; death of, 303; ecstatic state of, as end in itself, 311; expansion of, 319; functioning of, 45; human, as essentially a conceptual faculty, 51; model of, as irreducible primary, 50; rational, worst fates of, 78

Conservative, 191

Constitution, 140, 171, 173, 174, 178, 179, 210, 217, 242

constructivism, 45, 83, 159

consumers, as conscientious, 244

contentment, 90, 105

contracts, 176; breach of, 220; nature of, 204; right to make, 212

contractual payment, 168

contradiction, 185; definition of, 76; worse political, 168

contradictions, 73, 95, 238; and actions of government, 169; and maturing without realizing the importance of, 250; as not being present in objective reality, 75; chosen persistence of, as factor in retardation of human development, 162; nature of, 161

country, as legal concept, 199

crime, 219, 247

criminals, 167, 222; psychology of, 225

Cro Magnon Man, 31

cryonics, 296

cultural osmosis, and implicit philosophy, 334

cultural relativism, 80

cuneiform script, 112

Dark Ages, 45, 81

Darwin, Charles, 17, 18; theory of evolution, as fact, 308

Davies, Paul, 48, 49

Dawkins, Richard, 19, 23

death, 126; as natural process, 24; definition of, 302; of a person, 303

Declaration of Independence, 210, 211

defense mechanisms, 65, 372

definition, 32, 154, 306

Deming, W. Edwards, 271

Democracy, 134, 135, 136, 140, 171, 345

Democratic Party, 141, 186

Democrats, 188

dependence, 282

dependency, society of, 241

dependent being, 121

determinism, 46, 50, 51

dictatorships, 123, 125

DNA, 20

drug use, 246

due process, 209, 218

Earth, 320; age of, 19; life on, as one of multitudes, 35

Eastern philosophy, 92

economic progress, 233

education, modern, 251, 258, 260, 264

educational establishment, 264

Ellis, Albert, 101

emotional responses of animals, 66, 67

emotions, 71, 85, 289; and appraisals, 63; and destructive action, 143; and discovery process, 82; and reason, 70; and thoughts, 104; as representing evaluations, 103; as tied to physiology, 69, 163; as tied to sense of self, 75; definition of, 60; emotional normalcy, feeling of, 104; evaluative component of, 61

empiricism, 45

enlightenment, 84, 86, 90, 110, 267; and alignment with reality, 295; and children's experiences with adults, 251; and grasping the nature of our being, 311; and health of the populace, 212; and independent thought, 102; and joyful experiences, 105; and logic, 163; and logical thinking, 283; and problems with religious views, 94; and quantity and quality of identifications, 373; and Zen, 92; in Christianity, 93; philosophical and psychological, as contextual, 82; realistic aspect of, 369; realistic understanding of, 103; scientific and psychological approach to, 95

epistemology, 210, 371; and dichotomy of rationalism and empiricism, 45; and logic, for scientific endeavors, 160; and teaching the human sciences, 288; definition of, 36; logical, 152; and lack of embrace by science, 153

ethics, 68, 295; and morality of dependence, 341; as branch of philosophy, 338; of duty, 339; reality-based, 340; utilitarian, 339

evaluations, 69

evil, 312

evolution, 17, 42, 68, 254; as explanation for human behavior, 28; as supreme fact of organismic nature, 308

evolution versus creationism, in our culture, 28

existence: as amazing, 319; as an absolute, 302; as fundamental axiom, 151

external control measures, 285

extortion, 220

extraterrestrial life forms, 35

fairness, 175, 185

faith, 94

fallacy: of self-exclusion, 150; of soul/body dichotomy, 304; of stolen concept, 46, 294

Fascism, 127, 184

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, 275

Federal Reserve System, 272

feelings, 61, 64, 72, 106; and active mind, 323; as outcomes of one's thinking, 290

finite being, 308

force, physical, 117, 123, 127, 144, 145, 167, 191, 220; "reasons" for using, 143; as "practical", 145; as greatest evil to a reasoning mind, 57

foreign policy, 228

forgiveness, 359; as an anti-concept, 360

Founding Fathers, 138

fractional reserve banking, 275

fraud, 220, 240

free market, 196, 204, 210, 230, 232, 234, 235, 238, 268, 269, 272, 279; and international trade, 278

free will, 41, 47, 49, 110, 202; as resultant brain attribute, 49

freedom: and laws that restrict self-regulation, 246; and not inhibiting others' freedom, 142; as political concept, 183; fear of, 368; for the medical field, 315; giving up, effects on self, 124; helping other countries obtain, 229; of action, 139; of mind, 140; opposing the idea of, 318; psychological, and children, 254; societal, and active minds, 326; to contract and from contract, 212; to delegate protection of rights, 198; to engage in voluntary trade, 212; viewed as personal threat, 318

free-rider problem, 195

Freud, Sigmund, 64, 65, 114

Friedman, Milton, 182, 183

Gates, Bill, 208

genetic hyperspace, 23, 26

Ginott, Haim, 252, 253, 254

Glasser, William, 101, 262, 269, 271

God, 28, 93; as invalid concept, 307; as providing meaning and morality, 313; many meanings for, 307

gold standard, 274

government, 169, 184, 235, 248, 273; as coercive and "necessary", 166; as coercive monopoly, 175; as reflection of dominant ideas, 202; as replacement for proper integration of concepts, 232; as required for law and order, 166; as surrogate parent, 241; definition of, 164; people in, 178; services of, 167

governmental regulatory agencies, 239

governmental standards, 244

grades, 260

greed, 129

Hancock, John, 171

happiness, 73, 100, 105, 106, 139, 192, 258; and freedom, fear of, 318; and sense of life, 327; anxiety about, 318; as our responsibility, 327; in society, 325

heaven, 45, 312, 313; as invalid concept, 307

Heidel, William, 81

Heisenburg Uncertainty Principle, 158

hell, 45, 114, 312; as invalid concept, 307

Henry, Patrick, 171

hierarchy of needs, 53

higher mammals, 26

Hinduism, 84, 88

holistic principles of organization, 49

Holt, John, 318

hominid brain, development of, 31

hominid evolution, 30

Homo erectus, 30

Homo habilis, 30

Homo sapiens, 53, 57, 99, 114, 163, 179; as genetic path to reasoning capability, 34; as unique species, 26; evolution of, 29; most recent evolution of, 31

honesty, as a supreme virtue, 264

human beings: as organisms possessing self-awareness, 26; as significant as they view themselves to be, 299; as social animals, 55, 130; nature of, 180

human nature, 166, 202, 208, 365; "human nature," as pathological, 238; mistrust of, 232

humanitarian aid, 53, 345

Hussein, Saddam, 229

ideas, as timeless, 82

imagination, 157, 305

impossibility, concept of, 158

independence: financial, 284; intellectual, 241, 286, 334; psychological, 289; virtue of, 57

independent being, 121

independent entities, nature of, 24

individual life, as central determinant of morality, 131

individual rights, 133, 136, 165, 172, 197, 200, 226, 229; versus minority rights, 367

individual, as primary, 125

infallibility: as invalid concept, 354; idea of, as guilt producing, 357

inflation, 275

informed consent, 174

initiation of force, 57, 127, 142, 144, 167, 171, 188, 210

innate ideas, 70, 138, 150

innovation, 272

instincts, 42; and small children, 43

intelligence, trait of, 33, 149, 262, 295, 353

interdependence, 282

International Monetary Fund, 236

introspection: avoidance of, 292; what it asks of us, 291

Ionia, 80

irrationality, 58, 137, 146

Islam, 84, 92

Java Man, 31

Jefferson, Thomas, 105, 138, 171

Judaism, 84, 92

jurisdiction, 199, 209, 239

jury process, 218

justice, 133, 141, 142, 218, 227, 282; and a voluntarily funded government, 194; and contracting with rights-protecting agencies, 197; and death and the meaning of human rights, 312; and directing morality, 165; and economic checks and balances, 211; and its value to property owners, 237; and military responsibility, 178; and notion of being sought on a whim, 202; and perverted legal package of regulatory agencies, 240; and politicians and lobbyists, 187; and supposed conflicts of interest, 206; and the influence of the populace, 201; and understanding criminality, 225; and voluntary engagements, 212; as adhering to a rational moral code of individual rights, 200; as result of individuals' premises, 207; as supposed goal of governmental courts, 214; as the preeminent political value in a free society, 205; definition of, 216; issues of, and separation of desires from, 279; law as the tool of, 247; seekers of, as alleged seekers of vengeance, 224; studying as a science, 216; system of, 198

justice agencies, 202, 208, 220

justice system, current, 214

Kalahari Bushmen, 54

Kant, Immanuel, 43, 339

Kauffman, Stuart, 20

Keller, Helen, 40, 41

knowledge, 149, 306; as contextual, 79, 82; as hierarchical, 84; as sustenance for human life, 305

Kohn, Alfie, 260, 262

Krader, Lawrence, 116

language, 51, 149; written, 112

language explosion, 38

law: and burden of proof, 218; and criminal accountability, 177; and due process, 209, 218; and presumption of innocence, 218; and restitution, 222, 226, 237; and torts, 219, 227; as protector of rights, 175; common, 213, 221; copyright and patent, 214; criminal versus civil trial, 219; customary, 213, 220, 221; informed consent, 174; non-objective, 172, 199, 242, 278, 345; definition of, 167; objective, 197, 209, 213, 227, 236, 238; purpose of, 205, 247; restitution, 198

law and order, 174

Law of Causality, 151, 152, 160, 298, 307, 369

Law of Identity, 151, 160, 298, 365, 367

Law of Non-Contradiction, 76, 84, 97, 103, 147

laws of physics, 47

lawyers, 213, 218

Lazarus, Arnold, 101

legal order, current, 214, 217

legalized monopoly, 167, 196, 201, 214, 243

Lerner, Eric, 156

Liberal, 191

Libertarian, 182

Libertarian Party, 181

liberty, 362; and equivocation, 191; and victimless crimes, 221; laws in the name of, 190; psychological effects and causes of, 331; real meaning of, 183; shining example of, 229; the psychology of, 373

licensing processes, 264

life: as involving constant pursuit of values, 317; biological property of, 19; of the individual, 135

life and death, as greatest antonyms possible, 306

lifespan, 298

lobbyists, 171, 187, 267

Locke, John, 138

logic, 143, 151, 197, 245, 273, 307; and action, 336; and its daily use, 162; and philosophical integration, 334; and uplifting emotions, 163; and usage of concepts, 305; as crucial value, 67; as essential for determining objective law, 167; as only method to indicate where contradictions lie, 75; as opposed to internal consistency, 78; as process of differentiating the correct from the incorrect, 44, 150; as supposedly constraining or limiting emotion and passion, 283; definition of, 71; for rectifying the intellectual pursuits, 338; in order to validate beliefs, 363; rectifying contradictions with, 95; subversion of process of, 72; upholding as absolute in psychology, 102

Machan, Tibor, 202

maladaptive actions, 68

management: enlightened style of, 269; traditional style of, 269

Marx, Karl, 131

Marxism, 131, 132

Maslow, Abraham, 53

mediation, 207, 217

medical care, 244

medium of exchange, 274

mens rea, 177

mental health, 145, 283, 334

mental processes, 147

metaphysics, 210, 371; and certainty, 152; and objective reality, 314; and sense of life, 327; and teaching the human sciences, 288; definition of, 28, 151

Microsoft Corporation, 207

Middle East, 228

military, 115, 167, 177, 213, 227, 228, 230; under Self-Governing Capitalism, 229

Milky Way galaxy, 320

Mill, John Stuart, 339

mind: active, 321; as brain attribute, 157, 304; as tool of comprehension, 96; description of, 148; reasoning, and future evolution of, 353

mind/body dichotomy, 43, 304

Mises, Ludwig von, 185

mistakes, 42; and learning from them, 361

mixed economy, 285

monarchies, 123, 125

money, 184, 236, 240, 273, 280, 284; and its impact on individual life, 279; as innocent commodity, 317; as result of productive work, 275

money supply, 272

monopoly, 204; market, 207

Montessori, Maria, 119, 136, 256, 257, 259

moods, 63

morality, 338; as pertaining to actions of the individual, 246; futility in legislating, 247; interpreted as being social, 246; of dependence, 341; of the market, 184; ultimate question for, 339

mortality, 301; reflecting on, 311

motivation, 43

Mr. Spock, 163

murder, 116, 117, 189, 223, 224

mutations, 20

nanobots, 296

nanotechnology, 158

natural selection, 43, 44; as nondeliberate process, 21; as screening process, 18

nature versus nurture controversy, 99

Neanderthal Man, 31

need, as context dependent, 129, 345

Neolithic period, 112

Newton, Sir Isaac, 47, 82

Newtonian physics, 154

Nietzsche, Friedrich, 124

Ninth Amendment, 175

nirvana, 86, 126

Nock, Albert Jay, 115, 118, 136

non sequitur, definition of, 77

nonexistence, as an absolute, 302

non-initiation of force principle, 197, 201

nothing, concept of, 302

Nozick, Robert, 195, 206

obedience, 255

objective reality, 45, 83, 150, 151, 314; as having no contradictions, 75

objective value system, 102, 238, 340

objectivity, 46, 83, 336, 350, 363

obsessive/compulsive behavior, 300

omnipotence, as invalid concept, 308, 354

omniscience: as invalid concept, 354; demanding or posturing of, 355

operant conditioning, 260

Original Sin, 359

ownership, 181, 231

Paine, Thomas, 171

paranormal phenomena, 153, 157, 304

parapsychological phenomena, 153, 154

Pavlov, Ivan, 98

Peace Corps, 345

pedagogy, 256

Peikoff, Leonard, 58

Peking Man, 31

perceptual mechanism, 32, 43, 44, 155, 370

perfection, as an anti-concept, 357

Persian Gulf War, 228

phenotypes, 21

philosophical skepticism, 152

philosophy: and its role in psychology, 371; as the most profound guide, 370; necessity of, 333

phonemes, 113

physical pleasure/pain mechanism, 52

placebo effects, 63

Plato, 43, 81

Plumb, J.H., 113

police, 213, 221

politicians, 187, 230, 236, 278, 281

politics, 164

pollution, 237

pop behaviorism, 285

populace, 111, 123, 183, 201, 202, 209, 212, 214

power lust, 123

power, as physical and psychological concept, 57

pragmatism, 182

presumption of innocence, 218

Primacy of Consciousness, 159

primates, types of, 29

Primitive Man, 31

primordial soup, 19

printing press, invention of, 113

prison, 222

procrastination, 301

profit motive, alleged "evil" of, 237

profits, 211, 220, 230, 232, 237

proof, 44, 76, 305

property, 138, 139, 230, 231, 238; "public", 181, 230; communal, 133; destruction and misuse of, 235; personal, 133; private, 128, 132

property rights, 133, 134, 190, 230, 232, 236, 239, 242, 245, 249; discouragement of, 236

Proudhon, Pierre-Joseph, 170

psychological awareness and understanding, abhorrence of, 319

psychology, 41, 55, 97, 103, 106, 294, 370, 373; and being a facilitator of learning, 268; and child learning, 256; and importance of the subconscious, 147; and its role in philosophy, 371; and psychotherapy, 291; and religions, 85; and self-esteem, 100; and sense of life, 330; and societal transformation, 366; disciplines of, 98; history of, 97; in capitalistic society, 283; independent, 283; modern, 96, 98; of peevishness, 343; profession of, 96, 102; psychometric, 262; school's influence on, 251

psychology of the group, 56, 59

psychology, clinical and counseling, 101

psychotherapeutic exercises, 290

psychotherapy, 66, 101, 289, 291, 293; Adlerian, 101; Behavioral, 101; Cognitive, 62, 101; Existential, 101; Family, 102; Gestalt, 102; Multimodal, 101; Person-Centered, 101; Rational Emotive Behavioral, 101; Reality, 101

psychotropic drugs, 63

quantum mechanics, 154

quantum theory, 48, 154, 158

Radin, Paul, 56

rainforests, destruction of, 236

Rand, Ayn, 32, 33, 71, 73, 76, 77, 128, 129, 141, 146, 151, 191, 258, 325

Randi, James, 158

rational faculty, 44, 73; as unique model of life, 35

rationalism, 45

rationalization, 143, 178, 350; definition of, 121

reality, 44, 160; as friend and safeguard, 351; as opposed to the supernatural, 306; need for, in defining morality, 340

reason, 41, 46, 69, 70, 71, 97, 102, 140, 144, 155, 309, 352; and choice to focus, 43; and inspection of one's inner reality, 60; and its neglect, 55; and language utilization, 36; and resolving disputes, 58; appreciation of, 361; as advantageous in understanding emotions, 66; as faculty, important physical characteristics for, 35; as primary value, 67; as supposedly constraining or limiting emotion and passion, 283; capacity for, and brain size, 34; definition of, 32; exempting contentions from, 142; in the intellectual pursuits, 338

reductionism, error of, 48

Reisman, George, 233, 273

religion, 84, 86, 88, 90, 96, 114, 299

religious belief systems, 84

repression, 65, 72, 145, 148, 259, 287, 297

Republican Party, 187

Republicans, 188

reputation, 211, 213, 243, 244

restitution, 198, 222, 226, 237

rewards and punishments, 86, 260, 284

rights, 138, 139, 140, 142, 143, 145, 146, 175, 183, 187, 189, 191, 216, 241, 247; collective, 232; definition of, 139; of an agent, 198; to exact justice, 198

Rogers, Carl, 101, 268

Rothbard, Murray, 116

Sacks, Oliver, 39

sacrifice, 144; and ethics, 346; and objective definition, 346; as an anti-concept, 347; as recurring cultural theme, 341; ethical doctrine of and forgiveness, 360

Sagan, Carl, 158, 309

sanction of the victim, 146

Satan, as invalid concept, 307

school systems, 250

science, 27, 216; and empirical study, 99; and laws of reality, 152; and philosophical skepticism, 152; and the concept of impossibility, 158; and understanding consciousness, 304; and understanding reality, 309; as protector of human existence, 324; early, 80; human, purpose of, 287; medical, advances in, 298, 315; progression of, 28

scientific discovery, 82, 158

self, 126; as ultimate creator of all values, 296; in the present, 364; popular focus on, 292; renunciation of, 90; sage, as part of self-concept, 365; virtues of, 242

self-actualization, 53

self-assertion, 291, 314

self-awareness, 149

self-concept, 67, 109, 144, 293, 295, 331, 364; altering, 314; and introspection, 293; and the idea of freedom, 368; not confronting issues of, 350; strong, early formation of, 329

self-defense, 127, 142, 146, 175, 198, 223, 348; as retaliatory force, 127

self-distrust, 364

self-doubt, 293, 363

self-efficacy, 293

self-esteem, 109, 287, 295; as addressed in psychotherapy, 293; definition of, 100; enlightened perspective on, 293; pseudo, 318, 351; in society, 336; test of, 322

self-examination, 291

self-fulfilling prophecy, 80, 180

Self-Governing Capitalism, 211, 212; and morality, 346; as evolutionary transformation, 352; as henceforth called capitalism, 220

self-interest, 121, 208; conflicts of, 234; rational, 238, 243, 247, 251, 295; rational, in contrast to altruism, 346

selfishness, as an anti-concept, 343

selflessness, 88, 343

self-ownership, 133

self-regulation, 246

self-respect, 251, 318

self-responsibility, 176, 177, 218

self-sacrifice, 297; theme of, in modern ethics, 339

self-surrender, 95, 297

self-worth, 86, 251, 372; and morality of dependence, 342; attacks on, 252; of adolescents, 288

sense of life, 163, 327; and psychological resilience, 328; and self-assertion, 330; and self-concept, 329; and self-esteem, 330

senses, 44; the doubting of, 44

sentence completion exercises, 290

Sibley, Mulford, 138

Simpson, O.J., 219

single government, 202, 206; as allegedly final arbiter, 199

Skinner, B.F., 98

slavery, 116

Socialism, 127, 128, 129, 133, 135, 184

socialization, 258, 341

societal transformation, major key to, 288

space-time continuum, 156

speech, evolution of, 36

Spencer, Herbert, 255

spirituality, 311

Spooner, Lysander, 142, 174, 176, 179, 214

State, 131, 141, 187, 228, 267; and control of money, 273; and demands for obedience, 208; and genesis of welfare statism, 128; and idea of crimes against it, 219; and its formation, 114; and its requirements, 115; and rule by force, 117; and ruling of economies, 184; and the medical profession, 244; as desired for maintaining control and preventing chaos, 205; as prosecutor of crimes, 219; as typical component of political systems, 111; dominance of, 123; effects of, 116; inflation as intrinsic part of, 275; Laissez-faire form of, 196; rationalizations for, 121; stamp of approval by, 264

Stirner, Max, 132

student, notion of, 266

subconscious, 62, 72, 83, 97, 101, 106, 108, 109, 147, 148, 283; and active mind, 322; definition of, 64; premises, examination of, 289

subjectivity, 46, 83

supernatural, 27, 81, 312; definition of, 306

supernatural justice, 313

super-rapid appraisals, 62

supply and demand, 204, 232, 238

Supreme Court, 173, 188, 199

survival: as rational beings, 145; psychological, 145

Taoism, 84, 88

taxation, 168, 176

teachers, job of, 266

tests, 261

Thales, 80

theory of mind experiments, 38

theory versus practice, 166

third-world countries, 52, 80, 236, 345

time: definition of, 155; for individual human beings, 296

torts, 219, 227

Trefil, James, 31

tribal mentality, 123

truth, 44, 94; finding, and context of knowledge, 322, 334

Tucker, Benjamin, 137, 169

unconscious, theory of the, 64

United States, as The Great Melting Pot, 367

universe: and matter, 298; as its own cause, 307; as mechanistic, 46; as vast, 320; definition of, 151

unknowable, meaning of, 309

unregulated markets, alleged destructiveness of, 237

value-judgments, 40, 66, 100, 362

values, 339, 340, 363; definition of, 67; pursuit of, as distinguished from instincts, 43

vertebrates, 26

victim, definition of, 190

virtues, 339, 340, 363; definition of, 67

visibility, psychological, 288

volition, 46, 97, 100, 102, 140; and determinism, 47; and memory and making mental connections, 358; as a primary, 353; as adaptive function, with sometimes maladaptive uses, 352; as capacity that must be honored in children, 257; as crucial for understanding the concept of rights, 144; as mechanism responsible for personal change, 63; with respect to contradictions and making mistakes, 161

voting, 135, 136, 195

war, 38, 113, 178, 200, 230

war on drugs, 248

wealth, creation of, 317

welfare State, 130, 277

wild boy of Aveyron, 40

wisdom and experience versus need for fundamental principles, 318

Wollstein, Jarret B., 201, 203

words, 162; ability to use, 51

World Bank, 236

Xenophanes, 80

Zen Buddhism, 91

zoning laws, 204