Below are a few essays I wrote at various periods in my university education. The first one is the last paper of my graduate program in counseling psychology. It backs up with empirical evidence my philosophical arguments for liberated learning environments. Most of the studies referenced were also noted in Alfie Kohn's book Punished by Rewards: the trouble with gold stars, incentive plans, A's, praise, and other bribes.

You will notice that all the essays are related to psychology. If you have any comments or questions, feel free to email me at

Learner Driven Education

Psychotherapeutic Change

Adolescence and Drug Use

Cognition in Primates

Obedience and Self-Responsibility